As I'm learning about my Lithuanian heritage, I am also learning about the language. So far I have looked at Lithuanian greetings, some common courtesies, how to ask questions, numbers, directions, basic verbs, and descriptive words. This week, I'll talk about parts of the body.

An upcoming trip to Lithuania will provide a really good opportunity to test out these 10 most important things to know, to get by in any language for myself and see how good my advice is! This week I'm on the ninth item from that list — body parts.

9. Body parts



galva
head

ausis
ear

akis
eye

nosis
nose

burna
mouth

dantis
tooth

kaklas
neck

krūtinė
chest

širdis
heart

skrandis
stomach

pilvas
belly; stomach (general)

nugara
back

ranka
arm/hand

plaštaka
hand

pirštas
finger

koja
leg

pėda
foot


And some useful words for when you're in need:

skaudėti
to ache

Man skauda ...
my ... hurts

Skauda.
It hurts.

Blogai jaučiuosi.
I don't feel well.

Sergu.
I'm sick.

vaistus
medicine



Usage


If you find yourself standing in the vaistinė (pharmacy), confused by what you see, you can say to the shopkeeper, Man skauda galvą. (My head hurts.)

Or if you're having a hard time getting used to Lithuanian food, you might say Blogai jaučiuosi. Man skauda skrandį. (I'm not feeling well. My stomach hurts.) Of course I have a feeling that one will me more likely a result of eating too much delicious Lithuanian food.

Note that the body part that is hurting is in the accusative case. This subjectless construction (dat.) skauda (acc.) actually means something close to to me, (something) hurts the head. It works the same for a toothache (man skauda dantį) or a sore throat (man skauda gerklę).

 

 

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