In anticipation of a coming trip to Lithuania this fall, I wanted to learn a little about the language. I decided this would be a good opportunity for me to put my list of the 10 most important things to know, to get by in any language to the test.

We've already learned some Lithuanian greetings, some common courtesies, and how to ask questions. This week, let's learn about numbers.

5. Numbers


Strictly regarding the number of words to learn here, there are more than there have been for the first four parts of this series. However, these are all just bare words, not phrases, so it’s not that much more. And numbers are usually pretty easy to learn.

First, the numbers 0-10:

nulis
zero

vienas
one

du
two

trys
three

keturi
four

penki
five

šeši
six

septyni
seven

aštuoni
eight

devyni
nine

dešimt
ten


From there, the numbers 11-19 are just adding -iolikas

vienuolika
eleven

dvylika
twelve

trylika
thirteen

keturiolika
fourteen

penkiolika
fifteen

šešiolika
sixteen

septyniolika
seventeen

aštuoniolika
eighteen

devyniolika
nineteen


From there it's just prefixing with the higher tens, hundreds, thousands, etc:

dvidešimt
twenty

tridešimt
thirty

keturiadešimt
fourty

penkiadešimt
fifty

šešiadešimt
sixty

septyniadešimt
seventy

aštuoniadešimt
eighty

devyniadešimt
ninety

šimtas
one-hundred


Some number-related words


There are some quantities that can't be expressed numerically. Here are a few additional words to express quantity:

kiekvienas
each

visi
all

viskas
everything

nė vienas
none (not one)

niekas
nothing

niekas
nobody

ketvirtis
quarter

pusė
half



Related words


And then there are some words that are usually used with numbers, such as what you're measuring.

metras
meter

kilometras
kilometer

milimetras
millimeter

gramas
gram

kilogramas
kilogram

kvartalas
block

euras
euro

doleris
dollar

litas
litas (lithuanian currency)



A bonus gift!


Once you learn numbers, you also know the days of the week! Observe:

pirmadienis
Monday (lit: first day)

antradienis
Tuesday (lit: second day)

trečiadienis
Wednesday (lit: third day)

ketvirtadienis
Thursday (lit: fourth day)

penktadienis
Friday (lit: fifth day)

šeštadienis
Saturday (lit: sixth day)

sekmadienis
Sunday


I have to say, that's pretty handy. I thought the Russian days were easy, but this is even easier! Not only is it easy to remember, and helps you with learning numbers, but it also makes way more sense than a bunch of days named after ancient Roman gods.

 

 

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