What's inside?

In addition to the simple prepositions we've already covered, there are also "improper" prepositions, called preposizioni improprie in Italian, which are actually adverbs, adjectives, participles, and phrases, which often function as prepositions in general use.

If this is unclear, think of an English example. For instance, the word around is an adverb, because it describes a way of performing a verb. In the phrase "look around", around modifies look. However, we often use this word as a preposition, like when someone says "the office is just around the corner". In cases like these, it is an improper preposition. Italian has them too, and that's what we're talking about today.

Avverbi (adverbs)


The following adverbs function as prepositions.

sotto

under

sopra

over

prima

before

dopo

after

presso

by

accanto

near by

oltre

further

dietro

behind

davanti

in front of

avanti

in front of

innanzi

in front of

insieme

together

intorno

around

attorno

around

dentro

inside

fuori

outside



Examples:

  • Starò fuori città per qualche giorno.
    I will be out of town for a few days.

  • Arrivo a casa prima di cena.
    I will be home before dinner.

  • Il cane è sotto il tavolo.
    The dog is under the table.

  • La casa di mia nonna è vicina.
    My grandmother's house is close.



Aggettivi (adjectives)


Next, there are adjectives which are used as prepositions.

secondo

in accordance with

lungo

along

vicino

near, close by

lontano

far


Examples:

  • La mia casa è vicino alla chiesa, lungo il canale.
    My house is near the church, along the canal.

  • Secondo me lontono dai suoceri si vive meglio.
    In my opinion life is better far from your in-laws.



Participi (participals)


These are participals which are used as prepositions.

durante

during

nonostante

in spite of

salvo

near


Examples:

  • Ci siamo divertiti molto durante le vacanze.
    We had a lot of fun during our vacation.

  • Nonostante la pioggia non faceva freddo.
    In spite of the rain, it was not cold.



Locuzioni (expressions)


And finally, there are a few phrases that are used as prepositions.

di fronte a

in front of

in mezzo a

in between

al pari di

as much as

a causa di

because of

in base a

on account of

in vista di

having in mind



Examples:

  • Sono senza parole di fronte alla tua bravura.
    I am speechless at your ability.

  • Non abbiamo fatto queil viaggio a causa del maltempo.
    We did not go on that trip due to bad weather.

 

 

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