Lithuanian Numbers: How To Count In Lithuanian

In anticipation of a coming trip to Lithuania this fall, I wanted to learn a little about the language. I decided this would be a good opportunity for me to put my list of the 10 most important things to know, to get by in any language to the test.

We've already learned some Lithuanian greetings, some common courtesies, and how to ask questions. This week, let's learn about numbers.

5. Numbers

Strictly regarding the number of words to learn here, there are more than there have been for the first four parts of this series. However, these are all just bare words, not phrases, so it’s not that much more. And numbers are usually pretty easy to learn.

First, the numbers 0-10:

nulis : zero

vienas : one

du : two

trys : three

keturi : four

penki : five

šeši : six

septyni : seven

aštuoni : eight

devyni : nine

dešimt : ten

From there, the numbers 11-19 are just adding -iolikas

vienuolika : eleven

dvylika : twelve

trylika : thirteen

keturiolika : fourteen

penkiolika : fifteen

šešiolika : sixteen

septyniolika : seventeen

aštuoniolika : eighteen

devyniolika : nineteen

From there it's just prefixing with the higher tens, hundreds, thousands, etc:

dvidešimt : twenty

tridešimt : thirty

keturiadešimt : fourty

penkiadešimt : fifty

šešiadešimt : sixty

septyniadešimt : seventy

aštuoniadešimt : eighty

devyniadešimt : ninety

šimtas : one-hundred

Some number-related words

There are some quantities that can't be expressed numerically. Here are a few additional words to express quantity:

kiekvienas : each

visi : all

viskas : everything

nė vienas : none (not one)

niekas : nothing

niekas : nobody

ketvirtis : quarter

pusė : half

Related words

And then there are some words that are usually used with numbers, such as what you're measuring.

metras : meter

kilometras : kilometer

milimetras : millimeter

gramas : gram

kilogramas : kilogram

kvartalas : block

euras : euro

doleris : dollar

litas : litas (lithuanian currency)

A bonus gift!

Once you learn numbers, you also know the days of the week! Observe:

pirmadienis : Monday (lit: first day)

antradienis : Tuesday (lit: second day)

trečiadienis : Wednesday (lit: third day)

ketvirtadienis : Thursday (lit: fourth day)

penktadienis : Friday (lit: fifth day)

šeštadienis : Saturday (lit: sixth day)

sekmadienis : Sunday

I have to say, that's pretty handy. I thought the Russian days were easy, but this is even easier! Not only is it easy to remember, and helps you with learning numbers, but it also makes way more sense than a bunch of days named after ancient Roman gods.


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Author: Yearlyglot
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