One Way

We're coving the 10 most important things to know to get by in Italian. Last week, we looked at Italian greetings, at the common courtesies, and asking questions. This week, we started with things you will need, and we've covered numbers. Now we're going to talk about directions.

6. Directions


Direction words tell you where things are and where people go. They're not only cardinal directions (north, south, east, and west) but also prepositions. I've already written more detailed posts about regular prepositions and improper prepositions, if you want more detail. Today, I'm just covering basics.

nord
north

sud
south

est
east

ovest
west

a sinistra
left

a destra
right

dritto
straight (ahead)

fino a
up to (ending at)

dentro
inside

fuori
outside

su
up

sopra
above

giù
down

sotto
below

davanti
in front of

dietro
behind

accanto a
next to

vicino
near

lontano
far

qui
right here

qua
here

there

questo
this

quello
that

prima
before

dopo
after

poi
then



Putting it together


When you add these direction words to the numbers, you end up with the ability to give, or more likely receive, directions. You can say dritto due isolati e poi a destrastraight two blocks, and then to the right... and more importantly, you can pick those words out of an explanation when you ask dov'è la farmacia?

But these direction words are also useful when you hit the market for souvenirs. When you ask quanto costa quello? (how much does that cost) and the shopkeeper doesn't know which item you're talking about, you can guide him a destra, a destra, più a destra... okay... sopra... sì, quello!

 

 

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