In anticipation of a coming trip to Lithuania this fall — and as I spend time learning about my heritage — I have decided to learn a little about the language. This is also a really good opportunity for me to put my list of the 10 most important things to know, to get by in any language to the test.

We've already learned some Lithuanian greetings, some common courtesies, how to ask questions, and numbers. This week, let's learn about directions.

6. Directions



šiaurė
north

pietūs
south

rytai
east

vakarai
west

kairė
left

dešinė
right

tiesiai
straight

aukštyn
up

žemyn
down

virš
over

po
under

į priekį
in front of

behind

prie
by

šalia
near

toli
far

čia
here

ten
there

šis/ši
this

anas/ana
that

prieš
before

po
after



Putting it together


When we add these direction words to the numbers, we end up with the ability to give or (more likely!) receive directions. I might hear du blokus į šiaurę ir tada vieno bloko rytuose... pastato norima kairėje"two blocks north and then one block east; the building you want is on your left" when I ask someone kur yra artimiausia restoranas? or where is the nearest restaurant?

It will be important to remember that in a noun-declined language, the endings are going to change depending on the noun's role in the sentence. So I might hear a word that doesn't exactly match one in that list above, but sounds close, so I'll need to listen carefully. Naturally, it will help a lot if there is opportunity to learn the basic rules of Lithuanian noun declension.

 

 

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